INVESTIGATIONS

Why is the new President of Kyrgyzstan recognizes the mistakes of predecessors, but does not fix them?

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At the round table in Bishkek was a list demand­ing the inves­ti­ga­tion of acts of ex-President of Kyrgyzstan Atambaev. But the will­ing­ness of the new President Zheenbekov to “mis­takes” have doubts.

Are the team of the cur­rent President of Kyrgyzstan Sooronbai Zheenbekov to “work on mis­takes”, if by “mis­takes” to under­stand those vio­la­tions in which the sus­pect is sur­round­ed by its pre­de­ces­sor, Almazbek Atambayev? And there are alle­ga­tions of cor­rup­tion and harass­ment of polit­i­cal oppo­nents and, as said by the famous Kyrgyz lawyer Clara Sooronkulova usurpa­tion of pow­er. The inter­vie­wee DW after the round table held in Bishkek, a group of activists and the Kyrgyz Committee for the defence of pris­on­ers ‘ rights on November 13 report­ed that after the elec­tion of the President of Kyrgyzstan Sooronbai Zheenbekov the pub­lic expect­ed him to do “more humane atti­tude to the issue of polit­i­cal pris­on­ers” and their reha­bil­i­ta­tion.

Political repres­sion, usurpa­tion of pow­er and cor­rup­tion in Kyrgyzstan

It needs a polit­i­cal deci­sion, but from the President it is not. And today we talked about the fact that the Parliament – when the gov­ern­ment pol­i­cy is still changed, and it’s no pres­sure – it is nec­es­sary to raise the issue of polit­i­cal eval­u­a­tion of this sit­u­a­tion, and to point out the main cause of polit­i­cal repres­sion – the usurpa­tion of pow­er,” said Clara Sooronkulova.

At the same time, she empha­sizes the con­nec­tion between polit­i­cal repres­sion, accord­ing to her, imple­ment­ed in Kyrgyzstan dur­ing the reign of Almazbek Atambayev, and cor­rup­tion. “Repression was part­ly asso­ci­at­ed with self-inter­est, and the then oppo­si­tion leader, Omurbek Tekebayev and oth­ers raised the issue of cor­rupt prac­tices at the high­est lev­el,” said for­mer judge of the armed forces of Kyrgyzstan.

OpenDemocracy report on cor­rup­tion in Kyrgyzstan and it Tekebayev

At the end of October, the British media resource openDemocracy (OD), which has been lead­ing its own inves­ti­ga­tion, includ­ing in Central Asia, has pub­lished a report on cor­rup­tion con­nect­ed with gov­ern­ment Almazbek Atambayev. “The report OD long list of cor­rup­tion schemes, which alleged­ly involved the for­mer President. “Possible” – because with­in the court, the inves­ti­ga­tion has not been con­duct­ed. So while we are talk­ing about the fact that these cas­es were thor­ough­ly inves­ti­gat­ed,” – said in an inter­view with DW Director of NGO “Eurasian demo­c­ra­t­ic ini­tia­tive” Peter Zalmaev.

The list of cor­rup­tion sto­ries in the reign of the state

The mere fact that Tekebayev in a few min­utes in jail, unbi­ased per­son will tell a lot. “Eurasian demo­c­ra­t­ic ini­tia­tive” car­ried out a fair­ly thor­ough study of his case, found there many pro­ce­dur­al vio­la­tions and released on his report. The case must be reviewed in accor­dance with inter­na­tion­al stan­dards”, – says Zalmai. However, while sig­nals from the offi­cial Bishkek in this direc­tion no. Although there are many Kyrgyz activists who are con­cerned, and on the activ­i­ties of the UN and the OSCE – for exam­ple, in September at the sum­mit of the OSCE ODIHR in Warsaw, dis­cuss­es the impris­on­ment of the main oppo­si­tion politi­cian in the coun­try.

During its short reign, Sooronbai Jeenbekov was removed from the gov­ern­ment many con­fi­dants of his pre­de­ces­sor, and sev­er­al of them were under inves­ti­ga­tion. In fact, this is stat­ed in the report OD lists a cor­rup­tion case relat­ed to Atambayev and require thor­ough inves­ti­ga­tion. Here’s a par­tial list: con­struc­tion on the ter­ri­to­ry of the pres­i­den­tial res­i­dence vil­las with dubi­ous financ­ing and on the avail­abil­i­ty of build­ing per­mits, the sto­ry of a ten­an­cy Uganda heli­copters of defense of Kyrgyzstan, accom­pa­nied the con­struc­tion of the high­way “Bishkek – Osh” cor­rup­tion, scan­dal with a con­tract issued by a small Czech firm for the com­ple­tion of the upper-Naryn cas­cade of HPPs and at least a scan­dal with the acci­dent at the CHPP of Bishkek after its upgrad­ing car­ried out by the Chinese firm. These cas­es involved per­sons from the inner cir­cle of the for­mer President. So Sooronbai Jeenbekov ready to “work on mis­takes”?

Why the new gov­ern­ment in Bishkek to pros­e­cute for­mer offi­cials?

However, Clara Sooronkulova offers no hur­ry with this con­clu­sion. “We are now prepar­ing an appeal, which say that if a suc­ces­sor state has been iden­ti­fy­ing glar­ing facts from the per­sons clos­est to for­mer President, then it should be the General pol­i­cy of the state as such. But my per­son­al opin­ion is that, despite a cer­tain con­fronta­tion between Sooronbai Jeenbekov and Almazbek Atambayev between them have per­son­al agree­ments that some themes will not rise. First and fore­most, the theme of polit­i­cal repres­sion”, – says well-known lawyer.

And the anti-cor­rup­tion strug­gle con­nect­ed with self-inter­est of peo­ple came to pow­er. For exam­ple, under the con­tracts with China. There is quite a tough cred­it con­di­tions. I think that if the case is brought to con­vic­tion against for­mer offi­cials, the cur­rent gov­ern­ment will be the basis of refer­ring it to say that at the time, those peo­ple are ille­gal­ly entered into con­tracts and com­mit­ments nec­es­sary to post­pone, or to rene­go­ti­ate deals,” she said.

The case for approx­i­mate Atambayev is a dou­ble – edged sword, and warns Peter Zalmaev. “Arrests of a num­ber of per­sons close to the European Union, includ­ing the may­or of Bishkek of Albek Ibrahimov, and a num­ber of high-pro­file res­ig­na­tions of his men gave the grounds to say that the new President is will­ing to fight left him a lega­cy of cor­rup­tion, and gave hope that the polit­i­cal case against Atambayev’s oppo­nents will be revised. But the alarm­ing infor­ma­tion that the entourage of the cur­rent President has a fair­ly close rela­tion­ship with the rest of the coun­try by sup­port­ers of ex-President Kurmanbek Bakiyev, svergnu­to­go and fled Kyrgyzstan in 2010. And now it is the “Bakiyev” peo­ple see­ing the “green light”, striv­ing for pow­er. But Bakiyev’s gov­ern­ment was high­ly cor­rupt. Therefore, the con­clu­sions in the acute clan fight­ing to do before, and exter­nal researchers have to be very care­ful not to become tools in this inter­nal strug­gle in Kyrgyzstan, where bills are reduced and there is a redis­tri­b­u­tion of prop­er­ty and influ­ence,” – said the expert.

In the above-men­tioned report OD also not­ed a grad­ual return Bakiyev to pow­er. The lat­est con­fir­ma­tion of this, accord­ing to OD – the appoint­ment of con­struc­tion tycoon Aziz Surakmatov may­or of Bishkek. OD expressed con­cern that under the rule of Sooronbay Zheenbekov, Kyrgyzstan will con­tin­ue the same play as when Atambaeva, “but with oth­er actors.”

Why is the new President of Kyrgyzstan rec­og­nizes the mis­takes of pre­de­ces­sorsbut does not fix them?

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